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KLM’s old 747s live on in AMS M Corridor

KLM and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol made this announcement on social media:

Planters made from an old KLM Boeing 747 and windmills from old information desks – you can find all this and more in the renovated M corridor.

LAX celebrates the 60th Anniversary of the ‘Jet Age’ terminals

LAWA issued this progress report for LAX:

This composite image shows the Central Terminal Area of LAX in the 1960s (left) and today. Over the past 60 years, the airport has reimagined itself several times, and is once again on the cusp of the most ambitious modernization of any U.S. airport.

A MESSAGE FROM JUSTIN ERBACCI
CEO, Los Angeles World Airports

 

In May of 1961 the New York Times proclaimed there was a “spectacular airport opening in Los Angeles.” It was a pronouncement that the “Jet Age” of airport design was here, as Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) set new standards for air travel around the world with its revolutionary design and unrivaled passenger amenities.

On opening day, June 25, 1961, the new LAX offered six new satellite terminals with a radical modular layout and underground passageways, 5,000 parking spaces, and the now iconic Theme Building ‚Äď which offered admission to its observation deck at a cost of 50 cents for adults or 25 cents for children, with a coffee or cold drink included. The world was greatly impressed at this progressive, elegant airport that was the epitome of mid-century design, and that revitalized the golden age of travel using aircraft that were modern miracles of aviation.

Today, we acknowledge our proud history and heritage with the 60th anniversary of the Jet Age terminal dedication at LAX. More importantly, we also celebrate our future, which has never been brighter. For an airport that has evolved constantly during its nearly 100-year history ‚Äď from a bean field in Westchester to one of the busiest airports in the world ‚Äď there is a historical significance to this moment in time. We find ourselves once again on the cusp of unveiling yet another new age for air travel in Los Angeles.

Our $14.5 billion modernization is reimagining the LAX experience. The Automated People Mover train will fundamentally transform how tens of millions of people access the airport each year. Every terminal has been or will be modernized with the latest in technology and amenities. We are creating a digital marketplace in which passengers will be able to control most of the aspects of their journey from their phone, from reserved parking with automatic payment to streamlined mobile food ordering and delivery. And we will do so sustainably, with bold goals to become carbon neutral by 2045.

These and other projects allow LAWA to continue in its role as an important driver of the Southern California economy, providing thousands of local jobs and business opportunities.

At the same time, we are preparing to meet the demands of the future while staying within our existing footprint, with the environmental review process underway for airfield safety improvements, a new concourse and terminal, and elevated roadways to separate airport traffic from neighborhood traffic. We are doing all of this while being responsible, first-class neighbors to our community and engaging with local residents as we build the future world-class airport Los Angeles deserves ahead of the spotlight of the 2028 Olympics.

Below is a snapshot at how far we have come, and where we are going, as our history of innovation and imagination repeats itself at LAX.

Justin Erbacci
Chief Executive Officer, Los Angeles World Airports

The Past (1961)
In December 1957, Los Angeles embarked in one of the West’s most complex construction projects with the construction of the modern LAX. When the satellite terminals opened in the summer of 1961, they were a modern marvel that reset public expectations of what air travel could be. New technology included automated doors, moving walkways, automatic parking pay machines, a telephone system that took four years to engineer, covered jet bridges and complex baggage conveyers. The airport was configured around a Central Terminal Area and saw daily activity including 20,000 passengers, 40,000 visitors and 32,000 workers employed by 158 tenants.¬†Click here¬†to view the 1960s documentary, “#1 World Way, the Story of Los Angeles International Airport.”
Terminals: In the summer of 1961, the new Jet Age LAX opened with six satellite terminals and a seventh concourse (connected to the United Airlines ticketing building). This new, modern facility made up the original Central Terminal Area (CTA) at the airport. Each satellite building was connected to its ticketing building (located on World Way) by a 300- to 400-foot tunnel. This was a radical new approach that influenced airport design for a generation.
Airlines: Operations at the redesigned LAX began at Terminal 7 in August 1961, and a total of 19 airlines served the airport at the time. International carriers flew from Terminal 2, with Trans World Airlines at Terminal 3, American Airlines at Terminal 4, Western Air Lines at Terminal 5, a group of regional airlines at Terminal 6 and United Airlines at Terminal 7 and the connected concourse.
Shops and Dining: Each of the new satellite terminals included a coffee shop and a sit-down restaurant with an attached cocktail lounge. A total of 21 dining rooms, bars, gift shops and newsstands were open. Each of the locations had a California or Western theme, including “Early Days of the Movie Industry” and “Famous Sights of Los Angeles.” They were constructed at a cost of $3 million to be “among the most spectacular in Southern California,” according to a 1961 press announcement. It was predicted the restaurants would sell 580,000 hamburgers each year.
Parking and Access: Most parking in the Central Terminal Area was in surface lots, including the site of the future Terminal 1, with a capacity of 5,000 cars, making it the world’s largest airport parking facilities at the time. Some metered parking also was available at a cost of 25 cents for three hours. The Central Terminal Area had only the ground-level roadway until a second level was constructed in the 1980s.
Airfield: Three runways were available in 1961, two on the south side of the airfield and one on the north side. FAA controllers worked from a 172-foot tall tower that was among the first structures to open in the new Central Terminal Area. The FAA tower managed 1,000 flight operations every 24 hours with eight controllers on duty.
Theme Building: A central point of the new Jet Age facilities, the Theme Building quickly became the symbol of mid-century design and synonymous with LAX. Upon opening, the building included an observation deck, a Bank of America branch, a “Sky Gourmet Restaurant,” barber shop, gift shop, employee cafeteria and central kitchen and commissary which served all the satellite terminal restaurants and lounges. The building was designed by a team that included famed LA architect¬†Paul Revere Williams.
Technology: The new satellite terminals featured new technology including an underground, automated baggage movement system with magnetic coding for sorting bags. Other innovations were pre-recorded information boards activated by push button, automatic flight information display boards and covered loading bridges.
“Believe it or Not Facts” as¬†published by the Los Angeles Times¬†(1961)
  • The project included 1.2 million square feet of buildings and 175 acres of pavement, including parking lots and airfield surface
  • The drainage complex utilized six miles of reinforced concrete pipe
  • 19 miles of underground electrical conduit were laid
  • Three miles of sewer lines were installed
  • Thirty miles of underground lines carrier jet fuel
  • 38,000 miles of wire and cable were installed by Pacific Telephone Co.
  • 6,500 rolls of roofing felt covered the new terminals
  • A half-million square yards of plaster was installed, enough for 900 average homes at the time
  • 29,000 lighting fixtures were installed
  • 165,000 tons of concrete was used
The Present (2021)
LAX has become the economic engine for the Los Angeles region, generating 620,600 jobs in Southern California, with labor income of $37.3 billion and economic output of more than $126.6 billion, according to an economic study based on 2014 operations. This activity added $6.2 billion to local and state revenues and $8.7 billion in federal tax revenues. The airport is in the midst of a $14.5 billion modernization program, which will fundamentally transform how people access and experience Southern California’s premier international airport. With the 2028 Olympics around the corner, LAX is setting the stage for the next 60 years of air travel with fully modernized facilities, new technology, enhanced amenities and reimagined access via an Automated People Mover train.
Modernization: The $14.5 billion modernization of LAX continues to make significant progress, focused on not only modernizing the terminals, but creating new and better ways to access the airport. After breaking ground on four of these projects in 2019, 2021 is a year of ongoing progress and completions. So far this year, the stunning new West Gates at Tom Bradley International Terminal and an extension to Terminal 1 have both opened. Later this year, a new approximately 4,300-space parking facility will open to the east of the airport, followed by the opening of a new Airport Police Facility. Meanwhile, the Automated People Mover train system and Consolidated Rent-A-Car facility continue to see significant progress. Click here to learn more.
Operations: In 2019, LAX served nearly 88.1 million passengers and offered an average of 700 daily nonstop flights to 113 destinations in the U.S. and 1,200 weekly nonstop flights to 91 markets in 46 countries on 72 commercial airlines. In 2019, LAX was the third-busiest airport in the world. LAX’s cargo operations also continue to grow, and so far in 2021 LAX is the No. 3 airport for total global trade by value among U.S. airports.
Technology: LAX is an industry leader with the newest technology including biometric self-boarding gates, the latest-generation Wi-Fi service, touchless check-in kiosks, mobile food ordering and gate delivery via LAXOrderNow.com. The West Gates at Tom Bradley International Terminal includes the most advanced baggage handling system in the country today, along with touchscreen kiosks that can send directions and information directly to passenger phones. LAX partnered with the TSA to be the first U.S. airport to include automated photo identification scanners at every security checkpoint. In the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Federal Inspection Station, a Simplified Arrivals process uses biometric photo identification to automate formerly manual document checks and saves up to 45 minutes by eliminating the need to line up a second time.
Parking: LAX in transforming its parking into a $303 million smart system that will enable a passenger-controlled journey that includes reservations, automatic payment and exit, valet service and available space overhead identification. The upgrades also include additional EV charging stations with reservations available and enhanced wayfinding. This summer, LAX will open an approximately 4,300-space parking facility east of the airport.
Mobility:¬†Los Angeles World Airports’ new Mobility Strategic Plan lays the framework for revolutionizing landside access to LAX. This plan is a¬†comprehensive roadmap for mobility policy, programs and initiatives that will define how passengers and employees travel to and from the airport into the 2020‚Äôs and beyond. Planning is underway to take full advantage of the Automated People Mover upon its completion, and a rejuvenated FlyAway¬ģ service is anticipated soon.
Sustainability: LAX is leading the aviation industry in sustainability practices with the LAX¬†Sustainability Action Plan, “Boldly Moving to Zero,” setting ambitious targets for becoming carbon neutral by 2045. Those efforts have already resulted in moving to an all-electric airfield bus fleet, expanding a food donation and waste diversion program to all concessions and lounges, promoting the use of sustainable aviation fuel and investing in solar generation at Los Angeles World Airports facilities. In 2019, LAX received Level III ACI Airport Carbon Accreditation from Airport Councils International-Europe.
Equity and Inclusivity: Los Angeles World Airports is committed to supporting the local business community and providing jobs for local workers. In 2020, the airport updated its procurement standards to ensure that commitments to employ local, small, disadvantaged businesses and local workers factor significantly in vendor selections for the approximately $500 million in goods and services that LAWA purchases annually. This new policy helps translate LAWA’s core values of diversity, equity, and inclusion into strong, enforceable contract language for companies doing business at LAWA. The HireLAX apprenticeship readiness program is preparing people for a career in skilled construction, and has so far¬†connected more than 170 people from the local community with rewarding career opportunities and earned graduates more than $7 million in wages to date.
Community Engagement: LAX continues to reimagine our support for local communities in ways that reflect our commitment to the region. We focus on being good neighbors and continue to offer beneficial programs, services and opportunities as involved members of the airport community. LAX maintains a strong community presence by participating and representing LAX in a wide array of community and civic organizations. We also support tomorrow’s leaders in a variety of ways including our annual Aviation Careers Education Academy, Aviation Career Day, Network For Teaching Entrepreneurship, Read Across America Day Celebration, LAX Job Shadow day, Santa Fly-In and more.
The Future
LAX is in the midst of a $14.5-billion Capital Improvement Program that will completely transform LAX into a world-class airport. With the Automated People Mover train system opening in 2023, passengers and employees will find a much easier way to access the busy Central Terminal Area, and the long-awaited connection to regional transportation. Terminals 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 are also undergoing modernization projects to enhance the guest experience greatly once completed. And, the airport has proposed a Concourse 0 and Terminal 9, along with improved roads to access the airport and relieve traffic in the area. LAX is on the cusp of a reimagined airport that will be built with the future in mind.
Automated People Mover: The 2.25-mile elevated guideway is now more than 60% complete, while station construction has commenced at three of the six station locations. The assembly and testing of train cars is underway in Pittsburgh, as the first of 44 train cars that will run on the system will be delivered to LAX in 2021. The first of six steel structures for pedestrian bridges that will connect terminals to the People Mover stations was placed in June, with the remaining to be installed over the next year.
Terminals: Several terminal projects within the Central Terminal Area have made significant strides as well. The extension of Terminal 1, which provides increased baggage and screening areas, as well as a future connection to the Automated People Mover system, opened in May. The renovations of Terminals 2 and 3 took advantage of the downturn in traffic at LAX by closing Terminal 3 to the public, which in turn is helping to accelerate the project schedule by approximately 18 months, with a targeted completion date of 2023.
Intermodal Transportation Facility-West: The Intermodal Transportation Facility-West is a new, approximately 4,300 stall parking structure that will open later this summer, offering both short-and long-term parking. The facility will provide an economy option for travelers when it opens, and will feature the latest in smart-parking technology to create a streamlined parking experience. In 2023, the facility will connect to the Automated People Mover train system, while a shuttle bus will transport travelers to and from the Central Terminal Area in the interim.
Consolidated Rent-A-Car Facility:¬†What will become the largest rental car facility in the world once completed is visible from the 405 freeway. The three buildings that comprise the 6.3 million square foot facility ‚Äď the Ready Return, Idle Storage and Quick Turn Around ‚Äď will top off in concrete in July. The facility will connect to an Automated People Mover station and provide a streamlined rental car experience for the hundreds of thousands of travelers who rent cars each year.
Airport Police Facility: The new 160,000-square-foot facility will consolidate police operations into one location on the north side of Westchester Parkway. The project officially topped out in August as it moves toward completion in the fall of 2021.
LAX Fact Sheets

Air France celebrates 75 years in New York

Air France celebrated the 75th Anniversary of service to New York:

Douglas DC-4 “Ciel Ile de France” registered as F-BBDJ .1er vol Paris New-York. De gauche √† droite : Robert BONNET, second CDB, Jean ROUSSEAU, navigateur, Madeleine THIPLOUSE, h√ītesse, Roger LOUBRY, CDB et chef pilote Atlantique Nord, Georges PLANTIVE et Marien CHAPY, radios.
@ collection du musée Air France

New York has always been a city apart for Air France. For the past 75 years, these two cities have laid the foundations of our airline‚Äôs incredible adventure. Air France’s expertise has turned to this very special route to make it a laboratory of creation and innovation that forever transformed the art of air travel.

The story began on June 24, 1946, when a Douglas DC-4 called “Ciel d’√ģle de France” took off from Paris-Orly at 7:00 p.m. ¬†After 23 hours and 45 minutes, at an average speed of 305 km/h and two stopovers, one in Ireland and the other in Terre Neuve, the first scheduled service landed in New York.

A few months later, in January 1947, the introduction of the Lockheed Constellation made it possible to eliminate one of the outbound stopovers and make the return trip direct. On board, Air France teams invented a modular cabin (with up to 46 seats on a day flight and 22 berths at night) with a service, then called the “Golden Comet”, which forged the airline’s reputation forever.

Des parents et leur enfant se reposent tranquillement dans les couchettes du
Lockheed L.1049 Super Constellation “Parisien sp√©cial”.Une h√ītesse leur apporte
le petit-déjeuner @collection Musée Air France

 

On November 19, 1953, an improved version of the Lockheed Constellation known as the ‚ÄúConstellation Super G‚ÄĚ enabled Air France to offer even more comfort, with a lounge bar, private cabins and real beds on board. The New York route became legendary with the ‚ÄúParisian Special‚ÄĚ on the outward journey and the ‚ÄúGolden Parisian‚ÄĚ on the return.

Un groupe de passagers déguste du champagne, dans le salon, en première classe du
Lockheed L.1049 Super Constellation ” Parisien Sp√©cial ” @collection Mus√©e Air France

 

On January 31, 1960, the propeller age made way for the jet era, with the “Ch√Ęteau de Versailles”, a brand new Boeing 707, which flew from Paris to New York in half the time it used to take, at a cruising speed of 900 km/h, all in unparalleled luxury and comfort.

Ten years later, on June 3, 1970, there was a new revolution for Air France, with the first commercial flight of the Boeing 747. The era of mass air travel by Jumbo Jet had begun, without deviating from our tradition of luxury and the pleasure of travel.

@ collection Air France

 

On November 22, 1977, Air France assigned its most spectacular aircraft to this now legendary route. At 2,200 km/h, and with a flight time of 3h30, Concorde freed itself from space and time and allowed Air France to fly faster than the sun.

On November 21, 2009, the largest ever airliner made a landing on the runway at New York-JFK. Air France permanently sealed its name in the record books with the A380 by continuing to provide its 516 passengers with the best in civil aviation.

2014 marked a new milestone in the route’s history. On flights to this flagship destination, Air France chose to reinvent itself by unveiling, on board a B777, the move upmarket of all its products and services, in particular the new La Première suite.

La Première
@collection Air France

 

In 2020, while the world was experiencing an unprecedented health crisis, Air France was forced to drastically reduce its flight schedule to New York. However, the airline has maintained a regular service between Paris-Charles de Gaulle and New York-JFK, with an air bridge enabling many French and American citizens to be repatriated to their respective countries. Air France has also maintained an important cargo activity to this destination by transporting freight across the Atlantic.

Now, in 2021, Air France is maintaining its “Air France Protect” health commitment on board and is extending its fully flexible policy until the end of December 2021.

Similarly, Air France is constantly adapting its flight schedule to changes in the global health context. With the gradual reopening of borders, this summer the airline is offering up to 3 daily frequencies between Paris and New York-JFK and more than 100 weekly departures from 12 American cities, with connections to Europe via its Paris-Charles de Gaulle hub.

Reuters: The EU adds the United States to the safe travel list

From Reuters:

“European Union governments agreed on Wednesday to add the United States to their list of countries from which they will allow non-essential travel, EU diplomats said.

Ambassadors from the EU’s 27 countries approved the addition of the United States and five other countries at a meeting on Wednesday, with the change to take effect in the coming days.”

UK drops Portugal from safe travel list in major blow to airlines

UK drops Portugal from safe travel list in major blow to airlines.

From Reuters:

“Britain removed Portugal from its quarantine-free travel list on Thursday, essentially shutting down the UK’s international leisure market just weeks after it reopened and sparking outrage from embattled airlines.”

Read the full article:

UK drops Portugal from safe travel list in major blow to airlines | Reuters

Europe opens its doors to vaccinated Americans

Airlines are now likely to restore many trans-Atlantic routes and flights with this announcement.

From Bloomberg:

“European Union governments formally agreed to allow quarantine-free travel for vaccinated visitors to the bloc, paving the way for a resumption of normalcy ahead of this summer‚Äôs tourist season.”

Read the full article.

China Airlines announces quarantining of its pilots could affect its cargo operations

China Airlines Cargo Boeing 777F B-18772 (msn 66891) LAX (Michael B. Ing). Image: 953063.

From Reuters:

“China Airlines¬†said on Tuesday that the quarantining of its pilots to stem a COVID-19 outbreak is expected to affect more than 10% of its freighter capacity, potentially affecting the island’s chip exports.

Taiwan has kept the pandemic under control thanks to early prevention, with only sporadic domestic cases, but since last month it has been dealing with an outbreak linked to China Airlines pilots and an airport hotel where many of them stayed. There have been 35 confirmed infections so far in the outbreak.”

The airline issued this statement:

In response to the activation of ‚ÄúClearing Plan 2.0‚ÄĚ by the Central Epidemic Command Center (CECC), China Airlines plans to organize air crews into separate groups for rolling 14-day home quarantines. The airline is therefore not grounded and will continue flying with available crews. Preliminary projections indicate that more than 10% of cargo carrying capacity will be affected. Flight schedules are still being adjusted and changes will be updated on the China Airlines website.

All available manpower will be mobilized by China Airlines. The exact arrangements are still being finalized with the CECC but every effort will be made to ensure that essential flights will continue to operate with the crews available. Passenger and cargo flights are still in the process of adjustment. Please check with the China Airlines website for flight changes.
Priority will be given to cargo routes to ensure the continuity of the industries. The short-term reduction in Taiwan’s import/export capacity will have an effect on cargo transport times. The carrying of passengers will be canceled on selected routes as well. China Airlines is doing everything possible to continue providing its services under current conditions while balancing the demands of epidemic prevention with the physical and mental well-being of air crews.
Top Copyright Photo: China Airlines Cargo Boeing 777F B-18772 (msn 66891) LAX (Michael B. Ing). Image: 953063.
China Airlines aircraft slide show: