Category Archives: Uncategorized

Wanted: Airline Service – Farmington hopes to woo back airline service

The Four Corners Regional Airport in Farmington, NM is hoping proposed upgrades to the airport will bring back commercial airline service to the airport.

Read more from the Salt Lake Tribune: CLICK HERE


OAG reveals U.S. as home to eight of the top 10 busiest long-haul routes in the world

OAG issued this report:

Key Findings:

  • Los Angeles (LAX) to San Francisco (SFO) is the busiest domestic route in North America, and ninth in the world, followed by New York (JFK) to Los Angeles (LAX), the second busiest domestic route in North America and 20thoverall.
  • New York (LGA) to Toronto (YYZ) is now the seventh busiest international route overall, with 17,038 annual operating flights.
  • Three U.S. airports are included in the world’s top 20 busiest international routes for a second consecutive year: LaGuardia (LGA) and Chicago O’Hare (ORD) with service to Toronto Pearson (YYZ), and John F. Kennedy (JFK) to London Heathrow (LHR).
  • Asia Pacific is home to 15 of the top 20 international and 13 of the top 20 domestic busiest routes in the world, with Kuala Lumpur (KUL) to Singapore (SIN), Hong Kong (HKG) to Taipei (TPE), and Jakarta (CGK) to Singapore (SIN) taking the top three international spots.

OAG, the world’s leading provider of travel data and insight, today revealed the Busiest Routes in the world. OAG’s analysis, which is based on operating flight volume, includes insight into on-time performance (OTP) and carrier frequency at the route level, both domestically and internationally.

Eight of the top 10 busiest long-haul routes in the world originate from North America. With 15,587 flights over 12 months, service between New York (JFK) and San Francisco (SFO) topped the long-haul list (73.7 percent OTP), followed closely by New York (JFK) to London Heathrow (LHR) with 14,194 operating flights (78.2 percent OTP). Honolulu (HNL) to Los Angeles (LAX), Newark (EWR) to San Francisco (SFO) and Boston (BOS) to Los Angeles (LAX) round out the top five for the global long-haul category.

“The fight for market share intensifies on these high frequency, highly competitive long-haul routes,” said John Grant, senior analyst at OAG. “Maximizing capacity and connectivity, and investing in OTP and a frictionless traveler experience, is key for airlines and airports looking to attract passengers and grow their share in these markets.”

The short-haul flight between Los Angeles (LAX) and San Francisco (SFO) is the busiest domestic route in North America, and the ninth busiest domestic route in the world, with 35,365 total annual operating flights (OTP 71.2 percent). The medium-haul trip from New York (JFK) to Los Angeles (LAX) and back operates 26,286 total flights annually (79.9 percent OTP) and is the second busiest domestic route in North America and 20th busiest domestic route overall. Two other routes originating from the U.S. are among the world’s busiest medium-haul flights, including Los Angeles (LAX) to Seattle (SEA), with 19,778 flights and 80.1 percent OTP, and Los Angeles (LAX) to Chicago (ORD), with 16,612 flights and 78.0 percent OTP.

Over the past 12 months, North America’s three busiest international routes grew even busier. Service between New York’s LaGuardia Airport (LGA) and Toronto Pearson (YYZ) is the region’s busiest international route for a second straight year, and this year the seventh busiest international route overall, operating 17,038 flights annually. The route to London Heathrow (LHR) from New York’s other major hub John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) is the second busiest international route originating in North America with 14,194 operating flights and 13th in the world, moving up three spots compared to 2018. The trip from Chicago (ORD) to Toronto (YYZ) is the third busiest international route for North America and now 18th in the world with 13,503 operating flights, compared to 20th last year.

Other key routes for domestic travel within North America include New York (LGA) to Chicago (ORD), with 24,188 operating flights, Las Vegas (LAS) to Los Angeles (LAX), which operates 23,783 flights and Boston (BOS) to New York (LGA), with 20,426 operating flights.

Globally, the busiest airports overall lie in the Asia-Pacific region. The route from Kuala Lumpur (KUL) to Singapore (SIN) is the busiest international route in the world, and operates over 30,000 flights annually, followed by Hong Kong (HKG) to Taipei (TPE), with 28,447 total operating flights.

The on-time performance (OTP) measurement in this analysis is sourced from OAG’s flight status database and is for the 12 months to February 2019. OTP is defined as flights that arrive or depart in under 15 minutes of their scheduled arrival/departure times. Cancelations are also included. Carriers operating less than 500 scheduled flights per year on any route were excluded from this report.

For more insights on the world’s busiest international and domestic routes, access the full analysis.

Pittsburgh International Airport unveils a new terminal modernization program

The Allegheny County Airport Authority (Pittsburgh International Airport) has issued this statement:

As part of a special board meeting and the annual State of the Airport event on Wednesday, Feb. 20, the Allegheny County Airport Authority Board of Directors approved a visionary concept design for the Terminal Modernization Program at Pittsburgh International Airport.

The concept design for the new terminal to be built adjacent to the current Airside facility between Concourses C and D and scheduled to open in 2023, was unveiled to airport employees and the public on Wednesday.

It is based on a unique philosophy of nature, technology and community – NaTeCo – developed over the past seven months by the design team joint venture of architectural and engineering firms Gensler and HDR in association with luis vidal + architects.

The firms, which were awarded the design contract in July 2018, have been studying the Pittsburgh region and taking their inspiration directly from the rolling hills and rivers, neighborhoods and communities, and new economic diversity that has led to Pittsburgh’s re-emergence over the past few decades.

Specifics of the design for the new terminal that consolidates check-in, ticketing, security and baggage operations into one connected facility, including square footages, will continue to be refined over the next phase of the project – Schematic Design – which is expected to run through summer 2019.

While subject to change, the concept design currently features:

  • Separate levels for departing and arriving passengers and a non-public level for building systems such as baggage belts
  • Additional space for an expanded TSA checkpoint
  • Shorter walking distances for arriving and departing domestic and international passengers
  • Indoor and outdoor green plazas and gathering spaces
  • Additional space for concessions, artwork and other amenities
  • Planning for technological improvements and more automated systems
  • Emphasis on sustainability

The Airport Authority has engaged the community in the design process by forming Program Advisory and Best Practice Working Groups to solicit input and feedback about features of the new terminal. Outreach events and surveys were conducted this past summer in Market Square and at the airport’s annual Holiday Open House in December. The team will continue to seek input on the new terminal throughout the Schematic Design phase.


A tornado hits Antalya Airport, several aircraft damaged, people injured

At least 11 people have been injured today at Antalya Airport (AYT) in Turkey by a tornado. Several aircraft have been damaged by flying debris and equipment.

Aircraft that have been damaged (any additions are welcome):

Onurair Airbus A21 TC-OEB

Nordwind Airlines Boeing 737-800 VP-BSP

SunExpress Boeing 737-800 TC-SOF

Corendon Airlines Boeing 737-8 MAX 8 TC-MKS

More photos from Hurriyet: CLICK HERE

MIA surpassed 45 million passengers in 2018 for first time


Miami International Airport passed the 45-million-passenger milestone for the first time ever in 2018, serving nearly one million more travelers than the previous year. The busiest U.S. airport for international freight also set a new record of 2.3 million tons of freight, adding 60,000 tons to the 2017 total. MIA served nearly 21.9 million international passengers for the year – up 403,380 from 2017 – and more than 23.1 million domestic travelers in 2018, compared to 22.6 million the previous year. The airport’s audited 2018 traffic statistics were finalized this week.

Hub carrier American Airlines launched new international routes to Bonaire, Netherland Antilles on June 20, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines on December 15, Pereira, Colombia and Georgetown, Guyana on December 20, as well as new and increased service to 11 domestic destinations.

MIA also added four new passenger airlines to its roster: Air Italy launched four weekly flights to Milan in June; Brazilian low-cost carrier GOL began daily flights to Brasilia and Fortaleza in November; Sunwing Airlines began 10 weekly flights to Montreal, Quebec City, Toronto and Ottawa on December 1; and Flair began weekly service to Edmonton, Winnipegand Toronto on December 15. Existing carriers Viva Air began three weekly flights to Santa Marta, Colombia on December 18, and United Airlines began daily Washington Dulles service on December 19.

Three new cargo carriers launched MIA in 2018 as well: Southern Air began weekly all-cargo service to Hong Kong in April; Ethiopian Airlines launched two weekly freighter flights to the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa in August, creating the first-ever cargo-only route between the African continent and MIA; and Amazon Air launched double-daily freighter service in October to destinations across the U.S.

Four international carriers have scheduled entries into the Miami market in 2019: Low-cost carrier Norwegian will begin first-ever service at MIA on March 31 to London Gatwick Airport; Moroccan national carrier and four-star airline Royal Air Maroc will launch the first-ever MiamiCasablanca route on April 3 – MIA’s first passenger flights to Africa since the year 2000 and Florida’s only nonstop service to the continent; LOT Polish Airlines will begin four weekly flights to Warsaw on June 1 – MIA’s first service to Poland and the only nonstop route between Florida and Eastern Europe; and French airline Corsair will launch service to Paris Orly Airport on June 10, with four weekly flights.

MedAire publishes its Travel Risk Map for 2019

The 2019 Travel Risk Map is now available. The map shows the latest medical and security risk ratings around the world. The 2019 Travel Risk Map helps organizations and their flight departments in mitigating travel risks. See full press release below:

Volatility in the world demands vigilance and awareness to rapidly evolving circumstances. The 2019 Travel Risk Map provides a comprehensive overview of risks by destination to help organisations and their flight departments in mitigating travel risks.

The Travel Risk Map is produced annually by MedAire’s parent company, International SOS, and Control Risks.

“The Travel Risk Map captures risk from a global perspective, allowing businesses, managers, and the individual traveller to visualize potential trouble spots associated with upcoming travel destinations,” said John Cauthen, Director of Security, MedAire and Control Risks.

MedAire and Control Risks provide aviation security services to mitigate risks to crew, passengers, and aircraft.

“In an increasingly volatile but interconnected world, aviation operators need to ensure they have access to the most pertinent security information and services for their operations,” continued Cauthen. “Referencing the Travel Risk Map is the first step, beginning at the macro-level, to proactively build proper situational awareness.”

Medical Risk Ratings are determined by assessing a range of health risks and mitigating factors, including: infectious diseases, environmental factors, medical evacuation data, the standard of local medical care, availability of quality pharmaceutical supplies.

Travel Security Risk Ratings are based on the current threat posed to travellers by political violence (including terrorism, insurgency, politically motivated unrest and war), social unrest (including sectarian, communal and ethnic violence) as well as violent and petty crime. Infrastructure and environment are also considered where they are of sufficient magnitude to impact risks to travellers.

View the 2019 Travel Risk Map here. 

MedAire and Control Risks provide a suite of aviation security services. Our goal is to ensure that flight departments have the right information at the right time to identify, assess and understand the risks to any flight at all stages of the operation, both in the air and on the ground.

Our approach is to cut through any implicit bias and exaggeration, avoiding unsubstantiated assertions and speculation in order to provide the most relevant and valuable information available. No other company can match the expertise and assistance provided by MedAire and Control Risks.

Learn more at

Statement from the Transportation Safety Board of Canada chair on the release of new air fatigue regulations

Today, the Minister of Transport announced new fatigue regulations to improve air travel safety for passengers and flight crews. The Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) is pleased to see that the Minister is taking action to address this key safety issue.

Since the early 1990s, the TSB has identified fatigue as a contributing factor or a risk in at least 34 air occurrences. In October 2018, the TSB issued a call to action by adding this key safety issue to its Watchlist 2018. More specifically, the TSB asked for updated flight and duty-time regulations, as well as for air operators to implement fatigue risk management systems suited to their specific operations. The new regulations and standards announced today are a significant step in addressing this key safety issue. We look forward to a timely implementation of the new regulations and continued strong action from both the regulator and industry to reduce the risks associated with fatigue in the air transportation industry.

Fatigue is also a key safety issue in the Rail and Marine transportation industries. The TSB calls upon the Minister to take similar steps to address the risks associated with fatigue in these other industries. See Fatigue in the transportation industry.

The TSB is an independent agency that investigates marine, pipeline, railway and aviation transportation occurrences. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety. It is not the function of the Board to assign fault or determine civil or criminal liability.

Risk factors, mitigation strategies and fatigue management tools

Fatigue is widely recognized as a hazard in the transportation industry that must be managed. Mitigating the risk of fatigue requires understanding it and implementing effective countermeasures.

According to scientific research,Footnote 1 to help prevent the risk of fatigue, sleep should ideally occur at night in a period of seven to nine continuous hours, so that all stages of sleep occur during each sleep period. Because of the daily (circadian) rhythm, the human body is physiologically ready for sleep at night and for activity during the day. No matter the amount of rest we get, overall performance and cognitive functioning are at their worst during the nighttime period. The body’s circadian rhythm also makes any sleep that occurs during the day less restorative than nighttime sleep.

Risk factors

Fatigue can impair human performance in ways that can lead to accidents. This is why the TSB routinely investigates if fatigue was present in an occurrence, if it played a role, and if the operator had practices in place to effectively manage the associated risks.

  • Sleep disruptions — Depending on the stage in which it occurs, sleep disruption may affect physiological functioning and/or cognitive functioning, and elevates the risk of fatigue. The risk increases when the quality or quantity of sleep has been reduced within the previous three days (acute sleep disruption) or when sleep disruptions have been sustained for periods longer than three consecutive days (chronic sleep disruption).
  • Continuous or prolonged wakefulness — Being awake for more than 17 hours heightens the risk of fatigue.
  • Circadian rhythm effects — Changing sleep-wake patterns too quickly, or working at a time of day at which our body is expecting sleep can cause circadian rhythms to desynchronize, leading to performance impairments.
  • Sleep disorders — Many disorders result in higher than normal levels of fatigue if they are untreated or not managed properly. Three of the more common sleep disorders are insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea and periodic limb movement disorder.
  • Individual factors — A person’s ability to obtain restorative sleep may be influenced by individual factors, including certain illnesses, the use of drugs or medication that affect sleep or sleepiness, or characteristics such as morningness/eveningness, or one’s capacity to nap.

Mitigation strategies

To effectively manage the risks of fatigue in the transportation industry, organizations must adopt a proactive approach that includes, as a minimum, compliance with regulations and an education program that enables employees to identify fatigue, and take preventative measures that go beyond the regulations.

Work/rest requirements

To minimize the risk of fatigue, the following regulations apply in the transportation industry:

  • Section 320 of the Marine Personnel RegulationsFootnote 2 requires that the master and every crew member of Canadian vessels have
    1. at least six consecutive hours of rest in every 24-hour period, and
    2. at least 16 hours of rest in every 48-hour period; and

    The master shall also ensure that

    1. not more than 18 hours but not less than six hours elapse between the end of a rest period and the beginning of the next rest period.
  • Subsection 5.1.1 of the Work/Rest Rules for Railway Operating EmployeesFootnote 3 requires that

    The maximum continuous on-duty time for a single tour of duty operating in any class of service, is 12 hours, except work train service for which the maximum duty time is 16 hours. Where a tour of duty is designated as a split shift, as in the case of commuter service, the combined on-duty time for the two on-duty periods cannot exceed 12 hours.

  • According to the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs), subsection 700.16(1),Footnote 4

    Subject to subsections (5) and (7), no air operator shall assign a flight crew member for flight duty time, and no flight crew member shall accept such an assignment, if the flight crew member’s flight duty time will, as a result, exceed 14 consecutive hours in any 24 consecutive hours. Where the flight is conducted under Subpart 4 or 5 using an aircraft other than a helicopter, flight duty time shall include 15 minutes for post-flight duties.

Education and awareness

The prevention of fatigue in the workplace is a shared responsibility between an organization and its employees.

An organization can help prevent fatigue by

  • educating employees on the causes and mitigation of fatigue;
  • defining appropriate policies and procedures;
  • ensuring that the working environment and scheduling system minimize the risk of fatigue;
  • striving for continual improvement in reducing the risk of fatigue.

Employees can help prevent fatigue by

  • recognizing the signs of fatigue in themselves and in co-workers;
  • taking action to ensure that fatigue arising from activities inside or outside of work does not lead to performance issues;
  • making effective use of appropriate countermeasures if or when fatigue occurs, e.g., consuming caffeine; turning on a bright light; engaging in exercise; exposing oneself to intermittent loud noise; getting fresh (cool) air; engaging in conversation.

Current fatigue management tools

Marine sector

Fatigue management and awareness training materials were developed for marine pilots in response to TSB Recommendation M96-18. These materials include the Fatigue Management Guide for Canadian Marine Pilots (TP 13959) and the Trainer’s Handbook TP 13960.

On 31 May 2018, the TSB issued Recommendations M18-01 and M18-02 to help ensure that watchkeepers whose work and rest periods are regulated by the Marine Personnel Regulationshave the tools needed to recognize and address the risks of fatigue (read more about New and previous TSB recommendations to address the risk of fatigue in the marine sector).

The United States Coast Guard has developed a Crew Endurance Management System to assist in managing the risk factors that can lead to human error and performance degradation in maritime work environments.

Rail sector

Transport Canada guidance material (Fatigue Management Plans: Requirements and Assessment Guidelines) helps companies develop fatigue management plans that meet the industry’s Work/Rest Rules for Railway Operating Employees.

In 2017, Transport Canada announced its intent to amend the rail safety regulatory framework,Footnote 5 which may result in amendments to the Work/Rest Rules for Railway Operating Employees and the Railway Safety Management System Regulations, 2015 or the development of new regulations to address fatigue in the rail industry.

Aviation sector

Transport Canada provides guidance, in the form of a toolbox, to companies that adopt Fatigue Risk Management Systems (FRMS) in accordance with the CARs.

In 2017, Transport Canada proposed amendments to the CARs to mitigate the effects of fatigue with new hours of work and rest provisions.Footnote 6