Tag Archives: General Electric

GECAS orders 60 Airbus A320neo aircraft

GECAS A320neo (Flt)(Airbus)(LRW)

GE Capital Aviation Services (GECAS) (Stamford, CT), the aviation leasing and financing arm of General Electric, has announced a firm order for 60 Airbus A320neo Family aircraft including the A321neo at the 51st International Paris Air Show. GECAS has selected CFM’s LEAP-X engine for all 60 A320neo aircraft.

GECAS logo

This new order brings the total number of A320 Family aircraft ordered by GECAS to 465, including 120 A320neo aircraft.

Image: Airbus.

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GECAS orders 20 737 MAX 8s and 20 Next-Generation 737-800s

GECAS logo

GE Capital Aviation Services (GECAS), the commercial aircraft leasing and financing arm of General Electric, announced today an order for 40 737s. The order, with a list-price value of approximately $3.9 billion, consists of 20 737 MAX 8s and 20 Next-Generation 737-800s.

The follow-on order increases the GECAS order book for the 737 MAX to 95 airplanes and the 737NG to 387 airplanes, the most for both models by any company in the leasing industry.

The FAA issues its AD concerning General Electric GEnx engines on Boeing 747-8s and 787-8s

FAA logo

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) (Washington) has just issued this Airworthiness Directive (AD) concerning icing in Boeing 747-8s and 787-8s powered by General Electric GEnx engines. Here is the highlights of the AD:

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule; request for comments. ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––

SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for The Boeing Company Model 747-8 and 747-8F series airplanes and Model 787-8 airplanes powered by GEnx engines. This AD requires revising the airplane flight manual to advise the flight crew of potential ice crystal icing (ICI) conditions at high altitudes, and to prohibit operation in moderate and severe ICI conditions. This AD also requires inspecting the engine after any ICI event is detected by the flight crew. This AD was prompted by reports of engine damage and thrust loss events as a result of flying in high altitude ICI conditions. We are issuing this AD to ensure that the flight crews have operating instructions to avoid flight into ICI conditions that can lead to engine damage and thrust loss events; unrecoverable thrust loss on multiple engines can lead to a forced landing.

DATES: This AD is effective November 27, 2013.
We must receive comments on this AD by January 13, 2014.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion

Over the past decade, we have been aware of temporary engine thrust loss, and other engine- related events that occurred in ice crystal icing (ICI) conditions at high altitudes. These events have prompted the release of ADs on various airplane models equipped with General Electric (GE) CF6- 80 series engines. Each event was in or near convective weather conditions that included ice crystal icing.

This type of icing does not appear on radar due to its low reflectivity, and neither the airplane ice detector nor visual indications reliably indicate the presence of icing conditions. Therefore, it is often undetected by the flight crew. Flight in these conditions can cause ice crystals to accumulate in the core gas flow path of the engine. In the events leading to those prior ADs, the ice has shed during throttle transients and in the descent phase of flight, causing temporary thrust loss.

Since the beginning of 2013, similar events have now occurred on Model 747-8 and 747-8F series airplanes powered by GEnx-2B engines and Model 787-8 airplanes powered by GEnx-1B engines. The new events that prompted this AD, however, have occurred during the cruise phase of flight and caused permanent damage (beyond maintenance manual limits) to the engine compressor. In all thrust loss events, data indicate that ice crystals entered and collected in the initial stages of the compressor. Engine temperature data indicate small ice accretions were shed through the core of the engine.

All of these ICI events occurred during cruise at 33,000 feet or above, either within or after the airplane traversed a large Mesoscale Convective System (MCS). MCSs are areas where several thunderstorms have merged, with a continuous cloud larger than 100 kilometers (62 miles) across.

Within or near MCSs, ICI events have occurred where convective activity has driven a significant quantity of moisture, in the form of ice crystals, to altitudes at or above the tropopause. ICI events tend to occur in warm geographic locations.

As of the date of this AD, there have been nine events on Model 747-8 airplanes and Model 787- 8 airplanes.

During two events on Model 747-8F airplanes, two engines experienced thrust losses during the cruise phase of flight. In one of these events, one of the engines recovered to idle but would not accelerate and was left at idle for the rest of the flight. The other engine recovered and operated normally for the rest of the flight. In both airplane events, subsequent inspections of all four engines revealed compressor damage on both of the event engines as well as damage to a third engine that had not experienced a thrust loss.

In four other events–one on a Model 787-8 airplane and three on Model 747-8 airplanes– uncommanded engine decelerations (i.e., thrust losses) of approximately 20 seconds in duration occurred. All engines automatically recovered commanded thrust without crew action and operated normally for the rest of the flight.

In three other events on Model 747-8 airplanes, at least one engine showed elevated vibrations on the low-speed engine spool (N1) while in ICI conditions. The vibrations stopped after the airplanes exited the weather system, and the engines operated normally for the rest of the flight.

Unrecoverable thrust loss on multiple engines, due to operation in high altitude clouds containing ice crystals, could lead to a forced landing.

FAA’s Determination

We are issuing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of these same type designs.

AD Requirements

This AD requires revising the Certificate Limitations and Operating Procedures chapters of the AFM to advise the flight crew of potential ICI conditions at high altitudes, and to provide procedures to prohibit flight into those conditions.

This AD also requires engine inspections after any event where the flight crew reports the appearance of the ”ENGINE THRUST” message on the engine indication and crew alert system (EICAS) for any engine. The intent of the inspection requirement is to verify the airworthiness of the airplane for future flights. Because of thrust requirements on the different airplane models, the inspection is required before further flight on a minimum of three engines on Model 747-8 and 747- 8F series airplanes, and on both engines on Model 787-8 airplanes.

Interim Action

We consider this AD interim action. If final action is later identified, we might consider further rulemaking then.

FAA’s Justification and Determination of the Effective Date

An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of this AD. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public justifies waiving notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule because flight in potential ICI at high altitudes could result in engine damage and loss of thrust and consequent forced landing. Therefore, we find that notice and opportunity for prior public comment are impracticable and that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days.

Comments Invited

This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety and was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public comment. However, we invite you to send any written data, views, or arguments about this AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include the docket number FAA-2013-0974 and Directorate Identifier 2013-NM-209-AD at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this AD because of those comments.

We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this AD.

Read the analysis by Reuters: CLICK HERE

JAL to pull the Boeing 787-8 from two routes due to GE engine icing concerns

JAL-Japan Airlines (Tokyo) announced today, according to Retuters, it will pull its Boeing 787-8s from two international routes after Boeing notified the carrier of icing concerns in the General Electric GEnx engines.

The carrier was advised to not fly the aircraft with these engines near thunderstorms following a recent incident in which a 747 experienced a loss of power after flying through a thunderstorm.

JAL will remove the 787-8  on its Tokyo-Delhi and Tokyo-Singapore routes while also dropping plans to use 787-8s on its Tokyo-Sydney route starting next month.

Read the full Reuters report: CLICK HERE

Copyright Photo: Royal S. King/AirlinersGallery.com. Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner JA828J (msn 38438) lands after a test flight at Paine Field near Everett.

JAL-Japan Airlines: AG Slide Show

 

Tyrolean Airways to lease two Airbus A320s from GECAS

GE Capital Aviation Services Limited (GECAS), the commercial aircraft leasing and financing arm of GE, announced it will lease two Airbus A320-200 aircraft to a new customer, Tyrolean Airways (Innsbruck).

Tyrolean Airways is now responsible for operating all Austrian Airlines flights. Austrian Airlines (Vienna) has become virtually a marketing name rather than an operating airline. Only one aircraft for legal reasons has been retained on the Austrian certificate. Otherwise all other Austrian aircraft and personnel have been shifted to lower-cost Tyrolean. Tyrolean is also dropping the Austrian arrow name.

The aircraft are scheduled for delivery in early 2013 and will expand the existing fleet to around 80 aircraft.

Copyright Photo: Rolf Wallner. Austrian Airbus A320-214 OE-LBO (msn 776) taxies at Zurich.

Austrian Airlines Slide Show: 

Boeing receives FAA certification for 787 Dreamliner with GE engines

Boeing (Chicago) received yesterday (March 20) an amended type certificate from the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for the 787-8 Dreamliner equipped with General Electric GEnx engines.

The amended type certificate from the FAA formally recognizes that the 787 with GE engines has demonstrated compliance with rigorous federal regulations. The achievement caps off the most robust flight and ground test program ever conducted in the company’s history.

Initial type certification of the 787 with Rolls-Royce engines took place in August 2011. Each new combination of an airframe type and engine requires additional certification to validate the integrity of the design.

60 customers around the world have ordered more than 870 Dreamliners.

Copyright Photo: Nick Dean.

Boeing completes first flight of GE-powered 787

Copyright Photo: Joe G. Walker. Note the GE logo on the engine.

Boeing (Chicago, Seattle, Wichita and Charleston) first 787-8 Dreamliner with General Electric (GE) engines, the airplane referred to as ZA005 (registered N787FT), completed its first flight at 6:29 p.m. (Pacific time) today, following a 3-hour-and-48-minute flight over the state of Washington.

ZA005 will be used to test the General Electric engine package and demonstrate that the changes made with the new engine do not change the airplane’s handling characteristics.

The sixth, and final, 787 to join the flight test program is expected to fly before the end of July.

Copyright Photo: Joe G. Walker. 787-8 Dreamliner N787FT (msn 40694) arrives at Seattle (Boeing Field-King County) after the first test flight. The new aircraft made a stop at Moses Lake,WA (KMWH) before landing at BFI.